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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Drill vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Drill vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#108  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score1.95
Rank#127  Overall
#23  Document stores
#60  Relational DBMS
Score121.33
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comdrill.apache.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdeveloper.4d.comdrill.apache.org/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release198420122014
Current releasev20, April 20231.20.3, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsuser defined functions
Triggersyesnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesDepending on the underlying data sourceyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noDepending on the underlying data sourceno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsDepending on the underlying data sourceUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DrillSnowflake
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