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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Drill vs. Impala vs. LevelDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Drill vs. Impala vs. LevelDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageAnalytic DBMS for HadoopEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string values
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#118  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score3.00
Rank#108  Overall
#21  Document stores
#56  Relational DBMS
Score17.82
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score3.66
Rank#96  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comdrill.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­google/­leveldb
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdrill.apache.org/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.md
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationClouderaGoogle
Initial release1984201220132011
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211.20.2, August 20224.1.0, June 20221.23, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceno
Triggersyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyes infowith automatic compression on writes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noDepending on the underlying data sourceno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsDepending on the underlying data sourceAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosno

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DrillImpalaLevelDB
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