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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Drill vs. Apache IoTDB vs. MaxDB vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Drill vs. Apache IoTDB vs. MaxDB vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Drill  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemSchema-free SQL Query Engine for Hadoop, NoSQL and Cloud StorageA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score2.74
Rank#105  Overall
#19  Document stores
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.38
Rank#254  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score4.32
Rank#82  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comdrill.apache.orgiotdb.apache.orgmaxdb.sap.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdrill.apache.org/­docsmaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncApache Software FoundationApache Software FoundationSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release19842012201819841998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211.19.0, June 20217.9.10 (January 2020), 202011 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial infoLimited community edition freecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL SELECT statement is SQL:2003 compliantSQL-like query languageyesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C++.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsnoyesPL/SQL
Triggersyesnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesDepending on the underlying data sourceyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noDepending on the underlying data sourceyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsDepending on the underlying data sourcenofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DrillApache IoTDBMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DTimesTen
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