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DBMS > 4D vs. Apache Doris vs. BigchainDB vs. Oracle vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Apache Doris vs. BigchainDB vs. Oracle vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonApache Doris  Xexclude from comparisonBigchainDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn MPP-based analytics DBMS embracing the MySQL protocolBigchainDB is scalable blockchain database offering decentralization, immutability and native assetsWidely used RDBMSIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#110  Overall
#57  Relational DBMS
Score0.46
Rank#249  Overall
#119  Relational DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#211  Overall
#34  Document stores
Score1238.25
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score1.89
Rank#133  Overall
#66  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comdoris.apache.org
github.com/­apache/­doris
www.bigchaindb.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comgithub.com/­apache/­doris/­wikibigchaindb.readthedocs.io/­en/­latestdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncApache Software Foundation, originally contributed from BaiduOracleOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release19842017201619801998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20210.14, May 202119c, February 201911 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoAGPL v3commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaPythonC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
LinuxLinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
MySQL client
CLI Client
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
JavaGo
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possiblePL/SQL
Triggersyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioningShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes,with MongoDB ord RethinkDByesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionApache DorisBigchainDBOracleTimesTen
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