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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon SimpleDB vs. DuckDB vs. Realm vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon SimpleDB vs. DuckDB vs. Realm vs. STSdb

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon SimpleDB  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHosted simple database service by Amazon, with the data stored in the Amazon Cloud. infoThere is an unrelated product called SimpleDB developed by Edward ScioreAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score2.20
Rank#115  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score0.18
Rank#291  Overall
#135  Relational DBMS
Score9.29
Rank#50  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score0.14
Rank#300  Overall
#43  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­simpledbduckdb.orgrealm.iogithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­simpledbduckdb.org/­docsrealm.io/­docs
Developer4D, IncAmazonRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019STS Soft SC
Initial release19842007201820142011
Current releasev18 R5, January 20210.2, August 20204.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen SourceOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C#
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedserver-lessAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll columns are indexed automaticallyyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyesnono
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP APICLI Client
JDBC
.NET Client API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Erlang
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonono inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
Triggersyesnonoyes infoChange Listenersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone infoSharding must be implemented in the applicationnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesnonenonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoConcurrent data updates can be detected by the applicationACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)noyesno
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon SimpleDBDuckDBRealmSTSdb
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon SimpleDBDuckDBRealmSTSdb
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