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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon SimpleDB vs. DuckDB vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon SimpleDB vs. DuckDB vs. Realm

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon SimpleDB  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHosted simple database service by Amazon, with the data stored in the Amazon Cloud. infoThere is an unrelated product called SimpleDB developed by Edward ScioreAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.92
Rank#106  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score2.25
Rank#116  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score0.19
Rank#289  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Score9.20
Rank#52  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­simpledbduckdb.orgrealm.io
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­simpledbduckdb.org/­docsrealm.io/­docs
Developer4D, IncAmazonRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release1984200720182014
Current releasev18 R5, January 20210.2, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedserver-lessAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll columns are indexed automaticallyyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyesno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP APICLI Client
JDBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Erlang
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonono inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersyesnonoyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenone infoSharding must be implemented in the applicationnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDno infoConcurrent data updates can be detected by the applicationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)noyes
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon SimpleDBDuckDBRealm
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon SimpleDBDuckDBRealm
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