DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Oracle

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.64
Rank#90  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score19.87
Rank#32  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score1346.66
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
Developer4D, IncAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Oracle
Initial release198420121980
Current releasev17.0, July 201819c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin PythonPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon RedshiftOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based Amazon Redshift Workbench and Cloud database tool.
» more

Dremio is like magic for Redshift accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more
Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon RedshiftOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

Amazon - the rising star in the DBMS market
3 August 2015, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Top 8 Cloud Data Warehouses
10 September 2019, Datamation

Dremio Noses Into Cloud Lakes with Analytics Speedup
17 September 2019, Datanami

AWS Announces General Availability of Concurrency Scaling for Amazon Redshift
27 March 2019, Business Wire

Matillion Recognized As A 2019 Top Rated Award Winner In Data Integration By TrustRadius
28 August 2019, PRNewswire

BigPanda Announces Immediate Availability on AWS Marketplace
11 September 2019, MarTech Series

provided by Google News

5 Key Takeaways from Oracle OpenWorld 2019
22 September 2019, Forbes

Larry Ellison Details 4 Database Innovations Including A New Free Version
17 September 2019, Forbes

Oracle goes AI in a big way with cloud, database services
23 September 2019, Techgoondu

How to manage Oracle database upgrades and annual releases
28 August 2019, TechTarget

For Data-Driven Companies, Oracle Expands Its ‘Integrated Cloud’
18 September 2019, Forbes

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Security Specialist 2
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM

Customer Excellence Coordinator - Montvale NJ
Flight Centre, Montvale, NJ

Database Programmer - 4D (4th Dimension)
Sweetwater Sound, Fort Wayne, IN

Software Engineer
Parsons, Annapolis Junction, MD

Software Engineer
Parsons, Fort George G Meade, MD

Software Engineer - Data Engineering
Affirm, New York, NY

Software Engineer - Data Engineering
Affirm, San Francisco, CA

Professional Services Consultant Intern - 2020 United States
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

DBA/Engineer (Data Management Team)
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Herndon, VA

Business Intelligence Analyst
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Santa Monica, CA

Oracle Essbase Consultant / Architect
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

Sr. Oracle Database Engineer
Pacific Investment Management Company LLC, Austin, TX

CA Database Senior Software Engineer
Broadcom, Plano, TX

Oracle Database Engineer
Agree Technologies and Solutions, Portland, OR

Database Engineer - PostgreSQL
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Herndon, VA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here