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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. NSDb vs. Yaacomo

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. NSDb vs. Yaacomo

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonYaacomo  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesOpenCL based in-memory RDBMS, designed for efficiently utilizing the hardware via parallel computing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score24.37
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#360  Overall
#37  Time Series DBMS
Score0.01
Rank#348  Overall
#145  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­redshiftnsdb.ioyaacomo.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftnsdb.io/­Architecture
Developer4D, IncAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Q2WEB GmbH
Initial release1984201220172009
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, Scala
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Android
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJava
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin Pythonno
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesUsing Apache Luceneyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon RedshiftNSDbYaacomo
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Recent citations in the news

Serverless at re:Invent: Where should Amazon Redshift go?
6 December 2021, ZDNet

Stacking up: Building a modern data warehouse with Amazon Redshift
10 November 2021, The Register

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23 November 2021, Dark Reading

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2 December 2021, Database Trends and Applications

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10 November 2021, MarTech Series

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