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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score24.27
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Score3.09
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score2.69
Rank#104  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­redshiftnsdb.iorethinkdb.compingcap.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftnsdb.io/­Architecturerethinkdb.com/­docsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
Developer4D, IncAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)The Linux Foundation infosince July 2017PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release19842012201720092016
Current releasev18 R5, January 20212.4.1, August 20205.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageCJava, ScalaC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedall fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJava
Scala
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin Pythonnono
TriggersyesnoClient-side triggers through changefeedsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingSharding inforange basedhorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesSource-replica replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoAtomic single-document operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesUsing Apache Luceneyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousers and table-level permissionsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon RedshiftNSDbRethinkDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon RedshiftNSDbRethinkDBTiDB
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