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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB vs. SpatiaLite

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. NSDb vs. RethinkDB vs. SpatiaLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonSpatiaLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.Spatial extension of SQLite
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSDocument storeSpatial DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score24.27
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Score3.09
Rank#96  Overall
#17  Document stores
Score1.96
Rank#121  Overall
#2  Spatial DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­redshiftnsdb.iorethinkdb.comwww.gaia-gis.it/­fossil/­libspatialite/­index
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftnsdb.io/­Architecturerethinkdb.com/­docswww.gaia-gis.it/­gaia-sins/­spatialite_topics.html
Developer4D, IncAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)The Linux Foundation infosince July 2017Alessandro Furieri
Initial release19842012201720092008
Current releasev18 R5, January 20212.4.1, August 20205.0.0, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoMPL 1.1, GPL v2.0 or LGPL v2.1
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, ScalaC++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedall fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCJava
Scala
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin Pythonnono
TriggersyesnoClient-side triggers through changefeedsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingSharding inforange basednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesSource-replica replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoAtomic single-document operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesUsing Apache Luceneyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousers and table-level permissionsno

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon RedshiftNSDbRethinkDBSpatiaLite
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