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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. MaxDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. MaxDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutions
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score24.27
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score4.52
Rank#77  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­redshiftmaxdb.sap.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftmaxdb.sap.com/­documentation
Developer4D, IncAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)SAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997
Initial release198420121984
Current releasev18 R5, January 20217.9.10 (January 2020), 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon RedshiftMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D
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