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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Graph Engine vs. Informix

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Graph Engine vs. Informix

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonInformix  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineA secure embeddable database from IBM, positioned besides IBM Db2 as a relatively low-cost product optimized for OLTP and Internet of Things data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes compatible with MongoDB
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS infowith Informix TimeSeries Extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score25.94
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score23.37
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.graphengine.iowww.ibm.com/­products/­informix
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualinformix.hcldoc.com
www.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSGU8G/­welcomeIfxServers.html
Developer4D, IncAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)MicrosoftIBM, HCL Technologies infoEffective May 1st, 2017, HCL took on development, technical support, and product management teams, and works jointly with IBM on product strategy, marketing, and sales.
Initial release1984201220101984
Current releasev18 R5, January 202114.10.FC5, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial infofree developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC.NET and CC, C++ and Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hosted.NETAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infoSince Version 12.10 support for JSON/BSON datatypes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
JSON API infoMongoDB compatible
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin Pythonyesyes
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authentication, authorization, and auditing controls

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon RedshiftGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityInformix
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