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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. RethinkDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Datomic vs. RethinkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonDatomic  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsDatomic builds on immutable values, supports point-in-time queries and uses 3rd party systems for durabilityDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.52
Rank#106  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score23.53
Rank#32  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#120  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score3.23
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.datomic.comrethinkdb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.datomic.comrethinkdb.com/­docs
Developer4D, IncAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)CognitectThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017
Initial release1984201220122009
Current releasev18 R5, January 20210.9.5951, July 20192.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava, ClojureC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometry
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardnono
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCClojure
Java
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin Pythonyes infoTransaction Functions
TriggersyesnoBy using transaction functionsClient-side triggers through changefeeds
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSharding inforange based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesnone infoBut extensive use of caching in the application peersSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDAtomic single-document operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infoMVCC based
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infousing external storage systems (e.g. Cassandra, DynamoDB, PostgreSQL, Couchbase and others)yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes inforecommended only for testing and developmentno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoyes infousers and table-level permissions

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon RedshiftDatomicRethinkDB
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