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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Blazegraph vs. FoundationDB vs. MonetDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonBlazegraph  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparison
Amazon has acquired Blazegraph's domain and (probably) product. It is said that Amazon Neptune is based on Blazegraph.Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsHigh-performance graph database supporting Semantic Web (RDF/SPARQL) and Graph Database (tinkerpop3, blueprints, vertex-centric) APIs with scale-out and High Availability.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.A relational database management system that stores data in columns
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score20.27
Rank#31  Overall
#18  Relational DBMS
Score0.64
Rank#189  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#8  RDF stores
Score0.70
Rank#177  Overall
#26  Document stores
#31  Key-value stores
#87  Relational DBMS
Score1.71
Rank#120  Overall
#58  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­redshiftblazegraph.comwww.foundationdb.orgwww.monetdb.org
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwiki.blazegraph.comapple.github.io/­foundationdbwww.monetdb.org/­Documentation
Developer4D, IncAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)BlazegraphFoundationDBMonetDB BV
Initial release19842012200620132004
Current releasev17.0, July 20182.1.5, March 20196.2.11, November 2019Nov2019-SP1, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoextended commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC++C
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoRDF literal typesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSPARQL is used as query languagesupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL QUERY
SPARQL UPDATE
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin Pythonyesin SQL-layer onlyyes, in SQL, C, R
Triggersyesnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingShardingShardingSharding via remote tables
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyesyesyesnone infoMaster-slave replication available in experimental status
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationLinearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemyes infoRelationships in Graphsin SQL-layer onlyyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSecurity and Authentication via Web Application Container (Tomcat, Jetty)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon RedshiftBlazegraphFoundationDBMonetDB
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more
News

Blazegraph 2.1.4 Release
29 August 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.2 Release
18 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.1 Release!
9 June 2016

Blazegraph 2.1.0 Release!
8 April 2016

Blazegraph 2.0.0 Release!
22 December 2015

Optimistic Concurrency Control in MonetDB
3 January 2020

Limit memory usage of MonetDB on Linux with CGROUPS
9 May 2019

SQL:2003 merge statements now supported in MonetDB
8 March 2019

Extended SQL:2011 Window Functions in MonetDB
26 February 2019

Updatable MERGE TABLEs with partition predicates
26 February 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon RedshiftBlazegraphFoundationDBMonetDB
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