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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score2.39
Rank#113  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
Developer4D, IncAmazonMicrosoft
Initial release198420171989
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith encyption-at-restyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon NeptuneMicrosoft SQL Server
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Recent citations in the news

Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

Looking under the hood at Amazon Neptune
5 April 2018, ZDNet

Amazon Neptune is here: 6 ways customers use the AWS graph database
31 May 2018, TechRepublic

Amazon introduces an AWS graph database service called Amazon Neptune
29 November 2017, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

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27 September 2021, Solutions Review

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1 October 2021, TechRepublic

SQL Server Disaster Recovery: Key Considerations
30 September 2021, Infosecurity Magazine

That One Easy Trick for SQL Server Performance
28 September 2021, Redmondmag.com

provided by Google News

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