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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Apache IoTDB vs. MaxDB vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Apache IoTDB vs. MaxDB vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.95
Rank#100  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score2.56
Rank#109  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score0.38
Rank#254  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score4.32
Rank#82  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score1.81
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­neptuneiotdb.apache.orgmaxdb.sap.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesmaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncAmazonApache Software FoundationSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release19842017201819841998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20217.9.10 (January 2020), 202011 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial infoLimited community edition freecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noSQL-like query languageyesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
WebDAV
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoyesPL/SQL
Triggersyesnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoIntegration with Hadoop and Sparknono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon NeptuneApache IoTDBMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DTimesTen
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