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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache IoTDB vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache IoTDB vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and SparkIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score79.85
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score0.42
Rank#251  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Score56.92
Rank#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbiotdb.apache.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbhelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncAmazonApache Software FoundationSAP
Initial release1984201220182010
Current releasev18 R5, January 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)Appliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP APIJDBCJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoSQLScript, R
Triggersyesyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)Integration with Hadoop and Sparkno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloudImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)noyes

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon DynamoDBApache IoTDBSAP HANA
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