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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache IoTDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache IoTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA lightweight IoT native database management system deployable on the device and syncing the collected data with the cloud and integrated with Hadoop and Spark
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.89
Rank#107  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Score84.46
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score0.42
Rank#253  Overall
#20  Time Series DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbiotdb.apache.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodb
Developer4D, IncAmazonApache Software Foundation
Initial release198420122018
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnono
Triggersyesyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdano
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)Integration with Hadoop and Spark
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual Consistency with synchronizing with the cloud
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)no

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon DynamoDBApache IoTDB
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