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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon CloudSearch vs. JanusGraph vs. Memgraph vs. Teradata

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon CloudSearch vs. JanusGraph vs. Memgraph vs. Teradata

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon CloudSearch  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA hosted search engine service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleA hybrid cloud data analytics software platform (Teradata Vantage)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineGraph DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.68
Rank#102  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score2.54
Rank#110  Overall
#10  Search engines
Score2.02
Rank#124  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#302  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Score76.78
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchjanusgraph.orgmemgraph.comwww.teradata.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchdocs.janusgraph.orgdocs.memgraph.comdocs.teradata.com
Developer4D, IncAmazonLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusMemgraph LtdTeradata
Initial release19842012201720171984
Current releasev18.1, March 20200.5.0, March 2020Teradata Vantage 1.0 MU2, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial infoFree license availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linuxhosted
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoall search fields are automatically indexedyesyes infoJoin-index to prejoin tables, aggregate index, sparse index, hash index
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92nononoyes infoSQL 2016 + extensions
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP APIJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
.NET Client API
HTTP REST
JDBC
JMS Adapter
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Clojure
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Cobol
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
Perl
PL/1
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyesyes infoUDFs, stored procedures, table functions in parallel
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes infoautomatic partitioning across Amazon Search Instance as requiredyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)Sharding infodynamic graph partitioningSharding infoHashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infomanaged transparently by AWSyesMulti-source replication using RAFTMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics enginenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID infowith snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsauthentication via encrypted signaturesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerUsers, roles and permissionsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon CloudSearchJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMemgraphTeradata
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