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DBMS > 4D vs. Amazon CloudSearch vs. EXASOL vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Amazon CloudSearch vs. EXASOL vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon CloudSearch  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA hosted search engine service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.Microsofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSSearch engineRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.75
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score3.21
Rank#85  Overall
#9  Search engines
Score2.83
Rank#87  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score1096.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comaws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchwww.exasol.com/­en/­productswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.aws.amazon.com/­cloudsearchwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourcesdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
Developer4D, IncAmazonExasolMicrosoft
Initial release1984201220001989
Current releasev17.0, July 2018SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoall search fields are automatically indexedyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92noyesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Java
Lua
Python
R
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnouser defined functionsTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes infoautomatic partitioning across Amazon Search Instance as requiredShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes infomanaged transparently by AWSyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoHadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsauthentication via encrypted signaturesAccess rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAmazon CloudSearchEXASOLMicrosoft SQL Server
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