DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. AllegroGraph vs. GigaSpaces vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. AllegroGraph vs. GigaSpaces vs. Virtuoso

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonGigaSpaces  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSHigh performance in-memory data grid platform, powering three products: Smart Cache, Smart ODS (Operational Data Store), Smart Augmented TransactionsVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Object oriented DBMS infoValues are user defined objects
Document store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSGraph DBMS
Search engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score1.24
Rank#156  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score0.77
Rank#197  Overall
#31  Document stores
#10  Object oriented DBMS
Score5.37
Rank#73  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#2  Native XML DBMS
#40  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#8  Search engines
Websitewww.4d.comallegrograph.comwww.gigaspaces.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.htmldocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
Developer4D, IncFranz Inc.Gigaspaces TechnologiesOpenLink Software
Initial release1984200420001998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20217.2, October 202115.5, September 202008.03.3316, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, C++, .NetC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoRDF schemasschema-freeyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infobulk load of XML files possibleno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadatayes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SPARQL is used as query languageSQL-99 for query and DML statementsyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C++
Java
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispyesyes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyesyesyes, event driven architectureyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonewith FederationShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Chain, star, and bi-directional replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executorsyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANYImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationRole-based access controlFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAllegroGraphGigaSpacesVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
GigaSpaces, the pioneer of In-Memory Computing , drives enterprise digital transformation...
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
​ AI Driven Autonomous Operations – GigaSpaces’ unique AI driven technology simplifies...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosApplication Acceleration, Smart Caching, BI Acceleration on Fresh Data, Digital Integration...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersMorgan Stanley, Bank of America, Goldman Sachs, PriceRunner, Cerner, Societe Generale,...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsForrester has positioned GigaSpaces as a strong performer in The Forrester Wave™:...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGigaSpaces offers both open source and commercial editions with annual subscriptions....
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

Authentic Meets Artificial – The New Intelligence – DM Radio Broadcast
13 January 2022

Embedding Gruff In a Web Page
10 January 2022

AllegroGraph Named 2022 “Trend Setter”
3 January 2022

Predictions: Quantum AI, Graph Neural Networks, and Personal Data Pods
16 December 2021

Franz Inc. Announces AllegroGraph Has No Log4j Security Exposure
14 December 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAllegroGraphGigaSpacesVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Franz’s AllegroGraph Named 2022 “Trend Setter” by Database Trends and Applications
4 January 2022, EIN News

AiThority Interview with Dr. Jans Aasman, CEO at Franz
1 July 2021, AiThority

Analytics and AI in 2022: Innovation in the era of COVID
28 December 2021, SmartPlanet.com

2022 Trends in Intelligent Bots: Knowledge Worker Empowerment
3 January 2022, insideBIGDATA

Why Young Developers Don't Get Knowledge Graphs
30 July 2021, Datanami

provided by Google News

GigaSpaces Announces Version 16.0 with Breakthrough Data Integration Tools to Ease Enterprises' Digital Transformation Challenges
3 November 2021, PRNewswire

GigaSpaces Achieves Breakthrough Performance and Scalability for Real-time Analytics in Collaboration with Hewlett Packard Enterprise
17 June 2021, PRNewswire

In-Memory Computing Market Segmentation, Analysis by Recent Trends, Development & Growth by Regions to 2028
16 January 2022, Northwest Diamond Notes

GigaSpaces Announced as a Finalist in the 2021 Digital Transformation & Operational Excellence Awards
28 October 2021, PRNewswire

Bank Leumi, The Leading Bank In Israel, Selects GigaSpaces' Smart Digital Integration Hub And Announces A Strategic Investment In The Company
15 November 2021, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Modeling and Simulation / MBSE Systems Engineer
The GBS Group, Philadelphia, PA

Data Scientist
The GBS Group, Philadelphia, PA

Sales Engineer/Senior Sales Engineer (North Central)
TigerGraph, Saint Paul, MN

Senior Data Engineer (SQL and Knowledge Graph)
Amgen, Thousand Oaks, CA

Data Scientist with Java & Python Exp
The GBS Group, Philadelphia, PA

Pre-Sale Engineer
GigaSpaces, New York, NY

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Present your product here