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DBMS > 4D vs. AllegroGraph vs. Citus vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. AllegroGraph vs. Citus vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAllegroGraph  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemHigh performance, persistent RDF store with additional support for Graph DBMSScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store infowith version 6.5
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score1.25
Rank#154  Overall
#27  Document stores
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score1.48
Rank#139  Overall
#68  Relational DBMS
Score4.05
Rank#82  Overall
#13  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comallegrograph.comwww.citusdata.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comfranz.com/­agraph/­support/­documentation/­current/­agraph-introduction.htmldocs.citusdata.comwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
Developer4D, IncFranz Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release1984200420102010
Current releasev18 R5, January 20217.0.0, April 20208.1, December 20183.1.9, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition freeOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesyes infoRDF schemasyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno infobulk load of XML files possibleyes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SPARQL is used as query languageyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C#
Clojure
Java
Lisp
Perl
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infoJavaScript or Common Lispuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Java, Javascript
TriggersyesyesyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonewith FederationShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAllegroGraphCitusOrientDB
Specific characteristicsKnowledge Graph Platform Leader FedShard - Designed for Entity-Event Knowledge Graph...
» more
Competitive advantagesAllegroGraph is uniquely suited to support adhoc queries through SPARQL, Prolog and...
» more
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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAllegroGraphCitusOrientDB
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