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DBMS > 4D vs. Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Alibaba Cloud MaxCompute vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAlibaba Cloud MaxCompute  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemMaxCompute (previously known as ODPS) is a general purpose, fully managed, multi-tenancy data processing platform for large-scale data warehousingMicrosofts relational DBMSRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoa graph-processing framework is available with the graphs being stored in tablesRelational DBMSRDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.68
Rank#102  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score0.48
Rank#222  Overall
#106  Relational DBMS
Score1075.87
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.50
Rank#220  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­maxcomputewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverrdf4j.org
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­product/­27797.htmdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationrdf4j.org/­documentation
Developer4D, IncAlibabaMicrosoftSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release1984201619892004
Current releasev18.1, March 2020SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92SQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
Fluentd
Flume
MaxCompute Console
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
JavaC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesuser defined functions infoin JavaTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAlibaba Cloud MaxComputeMicrosoft SQL ServerRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
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