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DBMS > 4D vs. Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Cachelot.io vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Alibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB vs. Cachelot.io vs. TigerGraph vs. ToroDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAlibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDB  Xexclude from comparisonCachelot.io  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemA cloud-native relational database compatible with MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle. Designed for business critical applications.In-memory caching systemA complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-timeA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#118  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Score0.35
Rank#288  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#377  Overall
#59  Key-value stores
Score2.08
Rank#135  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
Score0.16
Rank#344  Overall
#49  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­polardbcachelot.iowww.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­58764.htmdocs.tigergraph.comwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
Developer4D, IncAlibaba8Kdata
Initial release1984201520172016
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoSimplified BSD LicensecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++Java
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
LinuxAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesnoSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
Memcached protocolGSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesnoyes
Triggersyesyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesnoyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole-based access controlAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAlibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBCachelot.ioTigerGraphToroDB
Specific characteristicsApsaraDB for PolarDB is a cloud-native relational database 100% compatible with MySQL...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesWebinar: Top Scientists Live: Tech Secrets to Double 11's Success Revealed. White...
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosCreating a Robust Cloud-Based Database for Fintech, E-Commerce and Gaming. Learn...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersFour out of the top five global banks use TigerGraph for real-time fraud detection....
» more
Market metricsANALYST RESEARCH Nov 2020: TigerGraph Named A Leader For Graph Data Platforms - TigerGraph...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsSpecification and pricing. You can use either of the following billing methods to...
» more
Try TigerGraph for Free in the Cloud or On Prem https://www.tigergraph.com/get-tigergraph/...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAlibaba Cloud ApsaraDB for PolarDBCachelot.ioTigerGraphToroDB
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