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DBMS > 4D vs. Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. RRDtool vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. RRDtool vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.In-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score0.53
Rank#238  Overall
#114  Relational DBMS
Score2.08
Rank#118  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score1.79
Rank#129  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqloss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtoolwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­docdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
Developer4D, IncAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupTobias OetikerOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release1984201619991998
Current releasev18 R5, January 20211.7.2, May 201911 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSScommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# available
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedHP-UX
Linux
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
in-process shared library
Pipes
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesnoPL/SQL
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemonyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBRRDtoolTimesTen
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