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DBMS > 4D vs. Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Badger vs. Oracle vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Badger vs. Oracle vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonBadger  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumAn embeddable, persistent, simple and fast Key-Value Store, written purely in Go.Widely used RDBMSTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#97  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#227  Overall
#107  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#291  Overall
#46  Key-value stores
Score1345.42
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score1.56
Rank#125  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlgithub.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerwww.oracle.com/­databasepingcap.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmgodoc.org/­github.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasepingcap.com/­docs
Developer4D, IncAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupDGraph LabsOraclePingCAP, Inc.
Initial release19842016201719802016
Current releasev17.0, July 201819c, February 20193.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC and C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
GoC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersyesyesnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioninghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocan be realized in PL/SQLyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'no
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBBadgerOracleTiDB
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
TiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsInfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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