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DBMS > 4D vs. Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Badger vs. Nebula Graph vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Alibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL vs. Badger vs. Nebula Graph vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDB  Xexclude from comparisonBadger  Xexclude from comparisonNebula Graph  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemAn online MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) data warehousing service based on GreenplumAn embeddable, persistent, simple and fast Key-Value Store, written purely in Go.A distributed, linear scalable, high perfomant Graph DBMSTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.62
Rank#97  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score0.34
Rank#236  Overall
#112  Relational DBMS
Score0.08
Rank#289  Overall
#47  Key-value stores
Score0.20
Rank#262  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
Score1.60
Rank#125  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.alibabacloud.com/­product/­hybriddb-postgresqlgithub.com/­dgraph-io/­badgergithub.com/­vesoft-inc/­nebula
nebula-graph.io
pingcap.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.alibabacloud.com/­help/­doc-detail/­35387.htmgodoc.org/­github.com/­dgraph-io/­badgerdocs.nebula-graph.iopingcap.com/­docs
Developer4D, IncAlibaba / Pivotal Software Inc. / PostgreSQL Global Development GroupDGraph LabsVesoft Inc.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release19842016201720192016
Current releasev17.0, July 20183.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache Version 2.0 + Common Clause 1.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
hostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
LinuxLinux
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes infoNebula Graph internally uses the Key-Value store RocksDB for persistency. The vertices, edges, and their properties are stored as Key while their values are stored as Value. The primary indexes are per Key and secondary indexes are per Value.yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yesnoSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JDBC
ODBC
Browser interface
console (shell)
Proprietary native API
Query language nGQL
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
C
Java
Perl
Python
R
GoC++
Go
Java
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyesnono
Triggersyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneCausal Clustering using Raft protocolUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infousing RocksDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole-based access controlUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBBadgerNebula GraphTiDB
Specific characteristicsNebula Graph is a truly distributed, linear scalable, lightning-fast graph database,...
» more
TiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesNebula Graph boasts the world's only graph database solution that is able to host...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosSocial networking Fraud detection Knowledge graph Data warehouse management Anti...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersCurrently we have some top internet companies in China implementing Nebula Graph...
» more
Bank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsAt our very early stage, Nebula Graph has already received over a thousand stars...
» more
InfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsNebula Graph is open source and free to use under Apache 2.0 license and Common Clause...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAlibaba Cloud AnalyticDB for PostgreSQL infoformer name was HybridDBBadgerNebula GraphTiDB
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