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DBMS > 4D vs. AlaSQL vs. LokiJS vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. AlaSQL vs. LokiJS vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAlaSQL  Xexclude from comparisonLokiJS  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemJavaScript DBMS libraryIn-memory JavaScript DBMSWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Relational DBMS
Document storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#109  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score0.60
Rank#214  Overall
#34  Document stores
#106  Relational DBMS
Score0.68
Rank#205  Overall
#33  Document stores
Score121.89
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comalasql.orggithub.com/­techfort/­LokiJSwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comgithub.com/­agershun/­alasqltechfort.github.io/­LokiJSwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
Developer4D, IncAndrey Gershun & Mathias R. WulffDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release1984201420142000
Current releasev18.1, March 20203.34.0 (December 1, 2020), December 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT-LicenseOpen SourceOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptJavaScriptC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)server-less
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92Close to SQL99, but no user access control, stored procedures and host language bindings.noyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
JavaScript APIJavaScript APIADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
JavaScriptJavaScriptActionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoView functions in JavaScriptno
Triggersyesyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnonenonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistencynonenone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes infoonly for local storage and DOM-storageno infoatomic operations within a single collection possibleACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, SQL.JS or proprietary FileStorageyes infoSerialization of a DB in a Node.JS/Cordova/PhoneGap environment. Usage of the IndexedDB-API in a browser.yes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsnonono

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAlaSQLLokiJSSQLite
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