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DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP HANA

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP HANA

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud service
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score4.45
Rank#79  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score55.28
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.sap.com/­products/­hana.html
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticshelp.sap.com/­hana
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGMicrosoftSAP
Initial release1984197120162010
Current releasev18 R5, January 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno infoalso available as a cloud based service
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedAppliance or cloud-service
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
NaturalC#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin NaturalTransact SQLSQLScript, R
Triggersyesnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding, horizontal partitioningyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)yesyes

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSAP HANA
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