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DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. Graphite vs. MySQL vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. Graphite vs. MySQL vs. Postgres-XL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformData logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperWidely used open source RDBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.56
Rank#97  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score4.28
Rank#72  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score3.43
Rank#82  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score1268.35
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.47
Rank#212  Overall
#101  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlgithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.mysql.comwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comgraphite.readthedocs.iodev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGChris DavisOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release19841971200619952014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current releasev17.0, July 20188.0.19, 202010 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languagePythonC and C++C
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux
Unix
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
NaturalJavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin Naturalnoyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions
Triggersyesnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistanonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatornoneMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)noUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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