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DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.66
Rank#107  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score4.63
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#195  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score1.21
Rank#159  Overall
#78  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGMicrosoftMicrosoftYugabyte Inc.
Initial release19841971201020162017
Current releasev18 R5, January 20212.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CC++C and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
.NEThostedLinux
OS X
Data schemeyesyesyesyesdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynoyesyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
NaturalC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin NaturalyesTransact SQLyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioningHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatoryesBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)yesyes

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseYugabyteDB
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