DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. Infobright vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. Graph Engine vs. Infobright vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonInfobright  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineHigh performant column-oriented DBMS for analytic workloads using MySQL or PostgreSQL as a frontendElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.66
Rank#107  Overall
#54  Relational DBMS
Score4.63
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.80
Rank#195  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score1.20
Rank#160  Overall
#79  Relational DBMS
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlwww.graphengine.iowww.ignitetech.com/­infobright-dbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGMicrosoftIgnite Technologies Inc.; formerly InfoBright Inc.Microsoft
Initial release19841971201020052016
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial infoThe open source (GPLv2) version did not support inserts/updates/deletes and was discontinued with July 2016commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CCC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
.NETLinux
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnononono
Secondary indexesyesyesno infoKnowledge Grid Technology used insteadyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
NaturalC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin NaturalyesnoTransact SQL
Triggersyesnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistahorizontal partitioningnoneSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorSource-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard infoexploiting MySQL or PostgreSQL frontend capabilitiesyes

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityInfobrightMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Software AG says it has turned the corner in shift to a subscription business
21 July 2021, SiliconANGLE News

GT Software Named Latest Denodo Technology Partner for Connections to Mainframe Data Sources
16 March 2021, Business Wire

Software AG Reports Strong Digital Business Growth as Subscription Shift Accelerates
22 April 2021, Yahoo Finance

Astadia acquires Anubex to offer a complete mainframe migration RoadMap
25 March 2021, Help Net Security

Get legacy ERP in the fast lane to modern infrastructure with APIs
2 June 2021, Diginomica

provided by Google News

Azurescape Vulnerability: More Evidence that Microsoft Should Leave Security to the Experts
13 September 2021, Security Boulevard

Cutting-edge Katana Graph scores $28.5 million Series A Led by Intel Capital
24 February 2021, ZDNet

Katana Graph Announce Graph Engine Now Optimized for 3rd Gen Intel Xeon Scalable Processors
7 April 2021, Database Trends and Applications

How Google and Microsoft taught search to “understand” the Web
6 June 2012, Ars Technica

Intel and Katana Graph Team on Large-scale Graph Analytics
19 October 2020, HPCwire

provided by Google News

Ignite Buys Database Vendor Infobright
2 May 2017, Datanami

provided by Google News

Companies Using Cloud Databases | Cloud Database Use Cases 2021
29 August 2021, Datamation

Pariveda Solutions Has Earned the Analytics on Microsoft Azure Advanced Specialization
31 August 2021, PRNewswire

Amazon Microsoft Google Remain Top Cloud Vendors But It Might Not Always Be Like That
10 September 2021, CMSWire

Evolution of Azure Synapse: Apache Spark 3.0, GPU Acceleration, Delta Lake, Dataverse Support
29 May 2021, InfoQ.com

Microsoft's Azure Synapse Analytics now generally available
3 December 2020, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Communications Specialist, Hennepin County
Minnesota Judicial Branch, Minneapolis, MN

Development and Administrative Assistant
4D Recovery, Portland, OR

Adabas Natural Programmer Analyst
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

Mainframe Developer - Natural / ADABAS | Richmond, VA (Will be remote during Covid)
iknowvate technologies, Richmond, VA

Mainframe Developer - Natural / ADABAS | Richmond, VA (Will be remote during Covid)
Apexon, Richmond, VA

ADABAS NATURAL Programmer
Peer Solutions Group, Columbia, SC

Mainframe System Programmer (Contract) Short Term
eWorld Enterprise Solutions, Inc., Honolulu, HI

Azure Data Engineer- Synapse & ADF
nFolks Ltd, Dallas, TX

Azure Synapse
Cubestech, Remote

Engagement Manager, 100% Remote
Piper Companies, Remote

Product Marketing Manager, Azure Synapse (Data Integration)
Microsoft, Bellevue, WA

Embedded Escalation Engineer - Azure Synapse
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database machine learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here