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DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. Google BigQuery vs. Hive vs. Percona Server for MongoDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. Google BigQuery vs. Hive vs. Percona Server for MongoDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonPercona Server for MongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA drop-in replacement for MongoDB Community Edition with enterprise-grade features.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.96
Rank#100  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score4.74
Rank#77  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score45.62
Rank#24  Overall
#16  Relational DBMS
Score83.45
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score0.63
Rank#215  Overall
#32  Document stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlcloud.google.com/­bigqueryhive.apache.orgwww.percona.com/­software/­mongodb/­percona-server-for-mongodb
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docscwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homewww.percona.com/­doc/­percona-server-for-mongodb/­LATEST/­index.html
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGGoogleApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookPercona
Initial release19841971201020122015
Current releasev18 R5, January 20213.1.2, August 20193.4.10-2.10, November 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Data schemeyesyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIJDBC
ODBC
Thrift
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Natural.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Actionscript
C
C#
C++
Clojure
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin Naturaluser defined functions infoin JavaScriptyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJavaScript
Triggersyesnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistanoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, with add-on product Event Replicatorselectable replication factorSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying datanono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes infovia In-Memory Engine
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Google BigQueryHivePercona Server for MongoDB
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