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DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. GeoSpock vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. GeoSpock vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonGeoSpock  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformSpatial and temporal data processing engine for extreme data scaleMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsTime Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.58
Rank#92  Overall
#45  Relational DBMS
Score4.13
Rank#72  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score0.16
Rank#275  Overall
#128  Relational DBMS
Score4.14
Rank#71  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlgeospock.comorientdb.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.geospock.com/­Content/­Home.htmorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.x
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGGeoSpockOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud
Initial release198419712010
Current releasev17.0, July 20182.0, September 20193.0.31, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, JavascriptJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
hostedAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesyesyestemporal, categoricalyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewayANSI SQL for query only (using Presto)SQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBCTinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
Natural.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin NaturalnoJava, Javascript
TriggersyesnonoHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaAutomatic shardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users can be defined per tableAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"GeoSpockOrientDB
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