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DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. FileMaker vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. FileMaker vs. Postgres-XL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonFileMaker  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformFileMaker is a cross-platform RDBMS that includes a GUI frontend.Based on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.57
Rank#99  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score4.65
Rank#70  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score50.16
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score0.52
Rank#206  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlwww.filemaker.comwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comwww.filemaker.com/­support/­product/­documentation.htmlwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGFileMaker infoa subsidiary of Apple
Initial release1984197119832014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current releasev18.1, March 202019, May 202010 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
iOS
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infoA http query request can return the data in XML formatyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infovia pluginsyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
Filemaker WebDirect
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
NaturalPHP.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin Naturalyesuser defined functions
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistanonehorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-slave replication, warm standby infosince Version 14
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)simple rights management via user accounts and connection to external directory servicesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"FileMakerPostgres-XL
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