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DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. Drizzle vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. Drizzle vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse vs. Microsoft SQL Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonDrizzle  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
Drizzle has published its last release in September 2012. The open-source project is discontinued and Drizzle is excluded from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformMySQL fork with a pluggable micro-kernel and with an emphasis of performance over compatibility.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerMicrosofts relational DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.68
Rank#95  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score4.66
Rank#68  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score9.45
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score1098.55
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlazure.microsoft.com/­services/­sql-data-warehousewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­sql-data-warehousedocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentation
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGDrizzle project, originally started by Brian AkerMicrosoftMicrosoft
Initial release19841971200820161989
Current releasev17.0, July 20187.2.4, September 2012SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGNU GPLcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
hostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
NaturalC
C++
Java
PHP
C#
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin NaturalnoTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyesnono infohooks for callbacks inside the server can be used.noyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaShardingSharding, horizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Pluggable authentication mechanisms infoe.g. LDAP, HTTPyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"DrizzleMicrosoft Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL Server
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