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DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. Derby vs. Graphite vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. Derby vs. Graphite vs. Postgres-XL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonDerby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDB  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.62
Rank#97  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score4.51
Rank#70  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score5.21
Rank#60  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score3.44
Rank#83  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score0.47
Rank#212  Overall
#102  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmldb.apache.org/­derbygithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comdb.apache.org/­derby/­manuals/­index.htmlgraphite.readthedocs.iowww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGApache Software FoundationChris Davis
Initial release19841971199720062014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current releasev17.0, July 201810.15.1.3, March 201910 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaPythonC
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
All OS with a Java VMLinux
Unix
Linux
macOS
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesnoyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesyesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewayyesnoyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBCHTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
NaturalJavaJavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin NaturalJava Stored Proceduresnouser defined functions
Triggersyesnoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas Vistanonenonehorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatorMaster-slave replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infolockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Derby infooften called Apache Derby, originally IBM Cloudscape; contained in the Java SDK as JavaDBGraphitePostgres-XL
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