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DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. Cassandra vs. Splunk

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. Cassandra vs. Splunk

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonSplunk  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessAnalytics Platform for Big Data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSWide column storeSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.72
Rank#93  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score4.53
Rank#69  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score120.36
Rank#11  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Score88.77
Rank#12  Overall
#2  Search engines
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­corporate/­products/­adabas_natural/­adabas/­default.htmlcassandra.apache.orgwww.splunk.com
Technical documentationdoc.4d.comcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.splunk.com/­Documentation/­Splunk
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookSplunk Inc.
Initial release1984197120082003
Current releasev17.0, July 20183.11.6, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial infoLimited free edition and free developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)no infoSplunk Search Processing Language for search commands
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
HTTP REST
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
NaturalC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin Naturalnoyes
Triggersyesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with add-on product Event Replicatorselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleMaster-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno infoA 'Transaction' in Splunk has a different meaning: grouping related events into a single one for later searching
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)Access rights for users can be defined per objectAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"CassandraSplunk
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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3rd partiesDataStax Enterprise: Apache Cassandra for enterprises.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Instaclustr: Fully Hosted and Managed Apache Cassandra
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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"CassandraSplunk
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