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DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. Atos Standard Common Repository vs. Oracle vs. Yaacomo

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. Atos Standard Common Repository vs. Oracle vs. Yaacomo

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonAtos Standard Common Repository  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonYaacomo  Xexclude from comparison
This system has been discontinued and will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformHighly scalable database system, designed for managing session and subscriber data in modern mobile communication networksWidely used RDBMSOpenCL based in-memory RDBMS, designed for efficiently utilizing the hardware via parallel computing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#102  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Score4.45
Rank#79  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score1270.35
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.01
Rank#346  Overall
#145  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmlatos.net/en/convergence-creators/portfolio/standard-common-repositorywww.oracle.com/­databaseyaacomo.com
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGAtos Convergence CreatorsOracleQ2WEB GmbH
Initial release19841971201619802009
Current releasev18 R5, January 2021170319c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
LinuxAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Android
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesSchema and schema-less with LDAP viewsyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptionalyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL Gatewaynoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
LDAPJDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
NaturalAll languages with LDAP bindingsC
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin NaturalnoPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesnoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infocell divisionSharding, horizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, with add-on product Event ReplicatoryesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDAtomic execution of specific operationsACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)LDAP bind authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Atos Standard Common RepositoryOracleYaacomo
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