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DBMS > 4D vs. Adabas vs. Apache Druid vs. STSdb

System Properties Comparison 4D vs. Adabas vs. Apache Druid vs. STSdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Name4D infoformer name: 4th Dimension  Xexclude from comparisonAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionApplication development environment with integrated database management systemOLTP - DBMS for mainframes and Linux/Unix/Windows environments infoused typically together with the Natural programming platformOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing method
Primary database modelRelational DBMSMultivalue DBMSRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.52
Rank#106  Overall
#53  Relational DBMS
Score4.46
Rank#78  Overall
#1  Multivalue DBMS
Score3.01
Rank#95  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
#6  Time Series DBMS
Score0.18
Rank#297  Overall
#43  Key-value stores
Websitewww.4d.comwww.softwareag.com/­en_corporate/­platform/­adabas-natural.htmldruid.apache.orggithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4
Technical documentationlivedoc.4d.comdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­design
Developer4D, IncSoftware AGApache Software Foundation and contributorsSTS Soft SC
Initial release1984197120122011
Current releasev18 R5, January 20210.21.0, April 20214.0.8, September 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache license v2Open Source infoGPLv2, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC#
Server operating systemsOS X
Windows
BS2000
Linux
Unix
Windows
z/OS
z/VSE
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infowith add-on product Adabas SQL GatewaySQL for queryingno
APIs and other access methodsODBC
RESTful HTTP API infoby using 4D Mobile
SOAP webservices
HTTP API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
SOAP-based API infowith add-on software Adabas SOA Gateway
JDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
.NET Client API
Supported programming languages4D proprietary IDE
PHP
NaturalClojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
C#
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesin Naturalnono
Triggersyesnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyes, with additonal products like Adabas Cluster Services, Adabas Parallel Services, Adabas VistaSharding infomanual/auto, time-basednone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, with add-on product Event Replicatoryes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlUsers and groupsonly with OS-specific tools (e.g. IBM RACF, CA Top Secret)RBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemno

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More resources
4D infoformer name: 4th DimensionAdabas infodenotes "adaptable data base"Apache DruidSTSdb
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