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DBMS > MongoDB vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. Stardog

Vergleich der Systemeigenschaften MongoDB vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. Stardog

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Redaktionelle Informationen bereitgestellt von DB-Engines
NameMongoDB  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenNeo4j  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenOracle  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenStardog  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessen
KurzbeschreibungEiner der meistverwendeten Document StoresScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsWeit verbreitetes, allgemein einsetzbares RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primäres DatenbankmodellDocument StoreGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF Store
Sekundäre DatenbankmodelleSpatial DBMS
Suchmaschine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Document Store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF Store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomisst die Popularität von Datenbankmanagement- systemenranking trend
Trend Chart
Punkte478,24
Rang#5  Overall
#1  Document Stores
Punkte60,14
Rang#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Punkte1262,82
Rang#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Punkte1,88
Rang#128  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF Stores
Websitewww.mongodb.comneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.stardog.com
Technische Dokumentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasedocs.stardog.com
EntwicklerMongoDB, IncNeo4j, Inc.OracleStardog-Union
Erscheinungsjahr2009200719802010
Aktuelle Version5.0.8, April 20224.4.7, Mai 202219c, Februar 20197.3.0, Mai 2020
Lizenz infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL Version3, kommerzielle Lizenzen verfügbar bei Bedarfkommerziell infoeingeschränkte kostenlose Version verfügbarkommerziell info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Ausschließlich ein Cloud-Service infoNur als Cloud-Service verfügbarnein infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)neinneinnein
DBaaS Angebote (gesponserte Links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
ImplementierungsspracheC++Java, ScalaC und C++Java
Server BetriebssystemeLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoKann auch Server-los als embedded Java Datenbank verwendet werden.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Windows
Datenschemaschemafrei infoObwohl schemafrei haben Dokumente einer Collection dennoch häufig die selbe Strukturschemafrei und schema-optionalja infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typisierung infovordefinierte Datentypen, z.B. float oder dateja infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialjajaja
XML Unterstützung infoVerarbeitung von Daten in XML Format, beispielsweise Speicherung von XML-Strukturen und/oder Unterstützung von XPath, XQuery, XSLTjanein infoImportieren/Exportieren von XML Daten möglich
Sekundärindizesjaja infoAustauschbares Index Subsystem, per Default Apache Lucenejaja infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIneinja infomit proprietären ErweiterungenYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs und andere ZugriffskonzepteProprietäres Protokoll basierend auf JSONBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Unterstützte ProgrammiersprachenActionscript infoinoffizielle Driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinoffizielle Driver
ColdFusion infoinoffizielle Driver
D infoinoffizielle Driver
Dart infoinoffizielle Driver
Delphi infoinoffizielle Driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinoffizielle Driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinoffizielle Driver
Lua infoinoffizielle Driver
MatLab infoinoffizielle Driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinoffizielle Driver
Prolog infoinoffizielle Driver
Python
R infoinoffizielle Driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infoinoffizielle Driver
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-seitige Scripts infoStored ProceduresJavaScriptja infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsPL/SQL infoauch Java stored procedures möglichuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersja infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyja infomittels Event Handlerjaja infovia event handlers
Partitionierungsmechanismen infoMethoden zum Speichern von unterschiedlichen Daten auf unterschiedlichen KnotenSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.ja, mit Neo4j FabricSharding, horizontal partitioningkeine
Replikationsmechanismen infoMethoden zum redundanten Speichern von Daten auf mehreren KnotenMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-Replica Replikation
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-Source Replikation
Source-Replica Replikation
Multi-Source Replikation in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoBietet ein API für Map/Reduce Operationenjaneinnein infokann in PL/SQL realisiert werdennein
Konsistenzkonzept infoMethoden zur Sicherstellung der Konsistenz in einem verteilten SystemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infobei jedem Schreibvorgang individuell einstellbar
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Fremdschlüssel inforeferenzielle Integritätnein infoNormalerweise nicht gebraucht, abgeschwächte Variante mit DBRefja infoBeziehungen in Graphenjaja infoBeziehungen in Graphen
Transaktionskonzept infoUnterstützung zur Sicherstellung der Datenintegrität bei nicht-atomaren DatenmanipulationenMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACID infomit parameterisierbarem isolation levelACID
Concurrency infoUnterstützung von gleichzeitig ausgeführten Datenmanipulationenjajajaja
Durability infoDauerhafte Speicherung der Datenja infooptional, enabled by defaultjajaja
In-Memory Unterstützung infoGibt es Möglichkeiten einige oder alle Strukturen nur im Hauptspeicher zu haltenja infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2ja infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'ja
Berechtigungskonzept infoZugriffskontrolleZugriffsrechte für Benutzer und RollenUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Benutzer mit feingranularem Berechtigungskonzept entsprechend SQL-StandardZugriffsrechte für Benutzer und Rollen
Weitere Informationen bereitgestellt vom Systemhersteller
MongoDBNeo4jOracleStardog
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» mehr
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» mehr
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» mehr
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» mehr
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» mehr
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» mehr
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» mehr
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» mehr
Stardog is frequently used for: Supply chain optimization Operational Risk Digital...
» mehr
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» mehr
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» mehr
Bosch, NASA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Morgan Stanley, Schneider Electric, FINRA and...
» mehr
Market metrics200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» mehr
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» mehr
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» mehr
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» mehr
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» mehr
You can start for free! A fully-featured license is available for those testing Stardog:...
» mehr
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