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DBMS > Memcached vs. MySQL vs. Redis vs. Vertica

Vergleich der Systemeigenschaften Memcached vs. MySQL vs. Redis vs. Vertica

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NameMemcached  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenMySQL  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenRedis  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessen
KurzbeschreibungIn-memory Key-Value Store, ursprünglich entwickelt für CachingWeit verbreitetes, allgemein einsetzbares Open Source RDBMSPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis legt höchsten Wert auf Performanz. Bei Designentscheidungen wird typischerweise Performanz der Vorzug vor Features oder Speicherbedarf gegeben.Cloud or on-premises analytical database and query engine for structured and semi-structured streaming and batch data. Machine learning platform with built-in algorithms, data preparation capabilities, and model evaluation and management via SQL or Python.
Primäres DatenbankmodellKey-Value StoreRelational DBMS infoKey/Value Zugriff über memcached APIKey-Value Store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceRelational DBMS infoColumn oriented
Sekundäre DatenbankmodelleDocument Store
Spatial DBMS
Document Store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Suchmaschine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomisst die Popularität von Datenbankmanagement- systemenranking trend
Trend Chart
Punkte24,95
Rang#33  Overall
#4  Key-Value Stores
Punkte1202,10
Rang#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Punkte179,02
Rang#6  Overall
#1  Key-Value Stores
Punkte19,29
Rang#38  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.memcached.orgwww.mysql.comredis.com
redis.io
www.vertica.com
Technische Dokumentationgithub.com/­memcached/­memcached/­wikidev.mysql.com/­docdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
vertica.com/­documentation
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeDiscord
EntwicklerDanga Interactive infoursprünglich von Brad Fitzpatrick für LiveJournal entwickeltOracle infoseit 2010, ursprünglich MySQL AB, danach SunRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoEntwicklung von Redis Inc finanziertMicro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Erscheinungsjahr2003199520092005
Aktuelle Version1.6.15, Maerz 20228.0.29, April 20227.0.0, April 202211.1, Februar 2022
Lizenz infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoBSD LizenzOpen Source infoGPL Version 2. Kommerzielle Lizenzen mit erweiterter Funktionalität sind verfügbar.Open Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprisekommerziell infoLimitierte Community Edition gratis
Ausschließlich ein Cloud-Service infoNur als Cloud-Service verfügbarneinneinneinnein infoon-premises, all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and containers
DBaaS Angebote (gesponserte Links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
  • ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Vertica Accelerator’s high-performance analytics and machine learning with SQL or Python is available as a managed service.
ImplementierungsspracheCC und C++CC++
Server BetriebssystemeFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoportiert und gewartet durch Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Linux
Datenschemaschemafreijaschemafreiyes, but unstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typisierung infovordefinierte Datentypen, z.B. float oder dateneinjateilweise infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes: BINARY, BOOLEAN, CHAR, VARCHAR, LONG VARCHAR, DATE, TIME, TIMESTAMP, INTERVAL, INTERVAL DAY TO SECOND, INTERVAL YEAR TO MONTH, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INTEGER, BIGINT, SMALLINT,NUMERIC, DECIMAL, NUMBER, MONEY,GEOMETRY
XML Unterstützung infoVerarbeitung von Daten in XML Format, beispielsweise Speicherung von XML-Strukturen und/oder Unterstützung von XPath, XQuery, XSLTjaneinnein
Sekundärindizesneinjaja infowith RediSearch moduleNo Indexes Required
SQL infoSupport of SQLneinja infomit proprietären ErweiterungenneinFull 1999 standard plus machine learning, time series and geospatial. Over 650 functions.
APIs und andere ZugriffskonzeptePropriätäres ProtokollADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietäres native API
Proprietäres Protokoll infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka Connector
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spark Connector
vSQL infocharacter-based, interactive, front-end utility
Unterstützte Programmiersprachen.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Server-seitige Scripts infoStored Proceduresneinja infoproprietäre SyntaxLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)yes, PostgreSQL PL/pgSQL, with minor differences
Triggersneinjapublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsyes, called Custom Alerts
Partitionierungsmechanismen infoMethoden zum Speichern von unterschiedlichen Daten auf unterschiedlichen Knotenkeinehorizontale Partitionierung, Sharding mit MySQL Cluster oder MySQL FabricSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardinghorizontal partitioning, hierarchical partitioning
Replikationsmechanismen infoMethoden zum redundanten Speichern von Daten auf mehreren Knotenkeine infoRepcached, ein Memcached Patch, liefert ReplicationMulti-Source Replikation
Source-Replica Replikation
Multi-Source Replikation infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-Replica Replikation infoChained replication wird unterstützt
Multi-Source Replikation infoOne, or more copies of data replicated across nodes, or object-store used for repository.
MapReduce infoBietet ein API für Map/Reduce Operationenneinneinthrough RedisGearsno infoBi-directional Spark integration
Konsistenzkonzept infoMethoden zur Sicherstellung der Konsistenz in einem verteilten SystemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Immediate Consistency
Fremdschlüssel inforeferenzielle Integritätneinja infonicht für MyISAM Storage Engineneinja
Transaktionskonzept infoUnterstützung zur Sicherstellung der Datenintegrität bei nicht-atomaren DatenmanipulationenneinACID infonicht für MyISAM Storage EngineAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoUnterstützung von gleichzeitig ausgeführten Datenmanipulationenjaja infoTable Locks oder Row Locks abhängig von Storage Engineja infoDatenzugriffe werden vom Server serialisiertja
Durability infoDauerhafte Speicherung der Datenneinjaja infokonfigurierbare Persistenzmechanismen via snapshots oder logsja
In-Memory Unterstützung infoGibt es Möglichkeiten einige oder alle Strukturen nur im Hauptspeicher zu haltenjajanein
Berechtigungskonzept infoZugriffskontrolleja infomittels SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) ProtokollBenutzer mit feingranularem Berechtigungskonzept infokeine Benutzergruppen oder RollenAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
Weitere Informationen bereitgestellt vom Systemhersteller
MemcachedMySQLRedisVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsThe Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
» mehr
Deploy-anywhere database for large-scale analytical deployments. Deploy on-premises,...
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Competitive advantagesRedis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
» mehr
Fast, scalable and capable of high concurrency. Separation of compute/storage leverages...
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Typical application scenariosRedis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
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Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
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Key customersVerizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
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Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
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Market metricsMost launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
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Licensing and pricing modelsRedis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
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Cost-based models and subscription-based models are both available. One license is...
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