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DBMS > GraphDB vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Vergleich der Systemeigenschaften GraphDB vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

Redaktionelle Informationen bereitgestellt von DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoUrsprünglicher Name: OWLIM  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenMongoDB  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenNeo4j  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenOrientDB  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenSAP SQL Anywhere infofrüher Adaptive Server Anywhere genannt  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessen
KurzbeschreibungEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Einer der meistverwendeten Document StoresScalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offeringsMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primäres DatenbankmodellGraph DBMS
RDF Store
Document StoreGraph DBMSDocument Store
Graph DBMS
Key-Value Store
Relational DBMS
Sekundäre DatenbankmodelleSpatial DBMS
Suchmaschine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
DB-Engines Ranking infomisst die Popularität von Datenbankmanagement- systemenranking trend
Trend Chart
Punkte2,70
Rang#111  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF Stores
Punkte478,24
Rang#5  Overall
#1  Document Stores
Punkte60,14
Rang#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Punkte5,14
Rang#79  Overall
#14  Document Stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-Value Stores
Punkte5,61
Rang#72  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ontotext.comwww.mongodb.comneo4j.comorientdb.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technische Dokumentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
EntwicklerOntotextMongoDB, IncNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPSAP infofrüher Sybase
Erscheinungsjahr20002009200720101992
Aktuelle Version9.8, Juni 20215.0.6, Jaenner 20224.4.6, April 20223.1.9, Februar 202117, Juli 2015
Lizenz infoCommercial or Open Sourcekommerziell infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL Version3, kommerzielle Lizenzen verfügbar bei BedarfOpen Source infoApache Version 2kommerziell
Ausschließlich ein Cloud-Service infoNur als Cloud-Service verfügbarneinnein infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)neinneinnein
DBaaS Angebote (gesponserte Links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
ImplementierungsspracheJavaC++Java, ScalaJava
Server BetriebssystemeAlle Betriebssysteme mit einer Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoKann auch Server-los als embedded Java Datenbank verwendet werden.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Alle Betriebssysteme mit einer Java JDK (>= JDK 6)AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Datenschemaschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesschemafrei infoObwohl schemafrei haben Dokumente einer Collection dennoch häufig die selbe Strukturschemafrei und schema-optionalschemafrei infoSchema kann erzwungen werden: für kompletten Satz ("schema-full") oder nur für einzelne Attribute ("schema-hybrid")ja
Typisierung infovordefinierte Datentypen, z.B. float oder datejaja infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialjajaja
XML Unterstützung infoVerarbeitung von Daten in XML Format, beispielsweise Speicherung von XML-Strukturen und/oder Unterstützung von XPath, XQuery, XSLTneinneinja
Sekundärindizesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesjaja infoAustauschbares Index Subsystem, per Default Apache Lucenejaja
SQL infoSupport of SQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIneinSQL-like query language, no joinsja
APIs und andere ZugriffskonzepteGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Proprietäres Protokoll basierend auf JSONBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Unterstützte Programmiersprachen.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript infoinoffizielle Driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinoffizielle Driver
ColdFusion infoinoffizielle Driver
D infoinoffizielle Driver
Dart infoinoffizielle Driver
Delphi infoinoffizielle Driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinoffizielle Driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinoffizielle Driver
Lua infoinoffizielle Driver
MatLab infoinoffizielle Driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinoffizielle Driver
Prolog infoinoffizielle Driver
Python
R infoinoffizielle Driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infoinoffizielle Driver
Swift
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-seitige Scripts infoStored Procedureswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityJavaScriptja infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascriptyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersneinja infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyja infomittels Event HandlerHooksja
Partitionierungsmechanismen infoMethoden zum Speichern von unterschiedlichen Daten auf unterschiedlichen KnotenkeineSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.ja, mit Neo4j FabricShardingkeine
Replikationsmechanismen infoMethoden zum redundanten Speichern von Daten auf mehreren KnotenMulti-Source ReplikationMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-Replica Replikation
Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-Source ReplikationSource-Replica Replikation infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoBietet ein API für Map/Reduce Operationenneinjaneinnein infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnein
Konsistenzkonzept infoMethoden zur Sicherstellung der Konsistenz in einem verteilten SystemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infobei jedem Schreibvorgang individuell einstellbar
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency
Fremdschlüssel inforeferenzielle Integritätja infoConstraint checkingnein infoNormalerweise nicht gebraucht, abgeschwächte Variante mit DBRefja infoBeziehungen in Graphenja infoBeziehungen in Graphenja
Transaktionskonzept infoUnterstützung zur Sicherstellung der Datenintegrität bei nicht-atomaren DatenmanipulationenACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoUnterstützung von gleichzeitig ausgeführten Datenmanipulationenjajajajaja
Durability infoDauerhafte Speicherung der Datenjaja infooptional, enabled by defaultjajaja
In-Memory Unterstützung infoGibt es Möglichkeiten einige oder alle Strukturen nur im Hauptspeicher zu haltenja infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2ja
Berechtigungskonzept infoZugriffskontrolleDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Zugriffsrechte für Benutzer und RollenUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Zugriffsrechte für Benutzer und Rollen, Rechte auch auf SatzebeneBenutzer mit feingranularem Berechtigungskonzept entsprechend SQL-Standard
Weitere Informationen bereitgestellt vom Systemhersteller
GraphDB infoUrsprünglicher Name: OWLIMMongoDBNeo4jOrientDBSAP SQL Anywhere infofrüher Adaptive Server Anywhere genannt
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» mehr
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» mehr
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» mehr
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» mehr
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» mehr
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» mehr
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» mehr
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» mehr
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» mehr
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» mehr
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» mehr
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» mehr
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» mehr
200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» mehr
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» mehr
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» mehr
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» mehr
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» mehr
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