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DBMS > CockroachDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP HANA vs. TiDB

Vergleich der Systemeigenschaften CockroachDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP HANA vs. TiDB

Redaktionelle Informationen bereitgestellt von DB-Engines
NameCockroachDB  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenMicrosoft SQL Server  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenPostgreSQL  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenSAP HANA  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenTiDB  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessen
KurzbeschreibungCockroachDB is a distributed database architected for modern cloud applications. It is wire compatible with PostgreSQL and backed by a Key-Value Store, which is either RocksDB or a purpose-built derivative, called Pebble.Relationales DBMS von MicrosoftWeit verbreitetes, allgemein einsetzbares Open Source RDBMS infoEntwickelt als objektorientiertes DBMS, im Laufe der Zeit um 'Standards' wie SQL erweitertIn-memory DBMS. Verfügbar als appliance oder als cloud-serviceTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primäres DatenbankmodellRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infomit objektorientierten Erweiterungen, z.B.: benutzerdefinierte Datentypen/Funktionen und Vererbung. Key/Value handling mit hstore Modul.Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Sekundäre DatenbankmodelleDocument Store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document Store
Spatial DBMS
Document Store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
Document Store
DB-Engines Ranking infomisst die Popularität von Datenbankmanagement- systemenranking trend
Trend Chart
Punkte6,93
Rang#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Punkte954,02
Rang#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Punkte608,21
Rang#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Punkte54,58
Rang#21  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Punkte3,20
Rang#97  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.cockroachlabs.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlpingcap.com
Technische Dokumentationwww.cockroachlabs.com/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org/­docshelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
EntwicklerCockroach LabsMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAPPingCAP, Inc.
Erscheinungsjahr201519891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20102016
Aktuelle Version21.1.2, Juni 2021SQL Server 2019, November 201914.1, November 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), Juni 20205.0.1, April 2021
Lizenz infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0, commercial license availablekommerziell infoeingeschränkte kostenlose Version verfügbarOpen Source infoBSDkommerziellOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Ausschließlich ein Cloud-Service infoNur als Cloud-Service verfügbarneinneinneinnein infoauch als Cloud-Service verfügbarnein
DBaaS Angebote (gesponserte Links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
CockroachCloud: Get your applications to market faster with a fully managed CockroachDB instance. Leave the daily maintenance, security, and operations of your database to us, and spend more time building apps and running your business.ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
ImplementierungsspracheGoC++CGo, Rust
Server BetriebssystemeLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Appliance oder cloud-serviceLinux
Datenschemadynamic schemajajajaja
Typisierung infovordefinierte Datentypen, z.B. float oder datejajajajaja
XML Unterstützung infoVerarbeitung von Daten in XML Format, beispielsweise Speicherung von XML-Strukturen und/oder Unterstützung von XPath, XQuery, XSLTneinjaja infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.neinnein
Sekundärindizesjajajajaja
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes, wire compatible with PostgreSQLjaja infoStandard mit zahlreichen Erweiterungenjaja
APIs und andere ZugriffskonzepteJDBCADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietäres Protokoll
Unterstützte ProgrammiersprachenC#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Rust
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-seitige Scripts infoStored ProceduresneinTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javabenutzerdefinierte Funktionen inforealisiert z.B. mit spezifischer Sprache PL/pgSQL, aber auch andere Sprachen möglich (Perl, Python, Tcl, etc.)SQLScript, Rnein
Triggersneinjajajanein
Partitionierungsmechanismen infoMethoden zum Speichern von unterschiedlichen Daten auf unterschiedlichen Knotenhorizontal partitioning (by key range) infoall tables are translated to an ordered KV store and then broken down into 64MB ranges, which are then used as replicas in RAFTTabellen können auf mehrere Files aufgeteilt werden (horizontale Partitionierung), sharding möglich (mittels federation)partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashjahorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replikationsmechanismen infoMethoden zum redundanten Speichern von Daten auf mehreren KnotenMulti-source replication using RAFTja, aber abhängig von der SQL-Server EditionSource-Replica Replikation infoandere Varianten durch Verwendung von 3rd party - toolsjaUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoBietet ein API für Map/Reduce Operationenneinneinneinneinja infowith TiSpark Connector
Konsistenzkonzept infoMethoden zur Sicherstellung der Konsistenz in einem verteilten SystemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Fremdschlüssel inforeferenzielle Integritätjajajajanein infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaktionskonzept infoUnterstützung zur Sicherstellung der Datenintegrität bei nicht-atomaren DatenmanipulationenACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoUnterstützung von gleichzeitig ausgeführten Datenmanipulationenjajajajaja
Durability infoDauerhafte Speicherung der Datenjajajajaja
In-Memory Unterstützung infoGibt es Möglichkeiten einige oder alle Strukturen nur im Hauptspeicher zu haltenneinjaneinjanein
Berechtigungskonzept infoZugriffskontrolleRole-based access controlBenutzer mit feingranularem Berechtigungskonzept entsprechend SQL-StandardBenutzer mit feingranularem Berechtigungskonzept entsprechend SQL-StandardjaUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
Weitere Informationen bereitgestellt vom Systemhersteller
CockroachDBMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLSAP HANATiDB
Specific characteristicsCockroachDB is a cloud-native, distributed SQL database architected for modern applications....
» mehr
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» mehr
Competitive advantages- EFFORTLESS SCALE: Scale your applications, not operational complexity. CockroachDB...
» mehr
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» mehr
Typical application scenariosSystem of record (financial ledger, inventory management, transaction record), identity...
» mehr
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» mehr
Key customersComcast, eBay, DoorDash, Mythical Games, Norfolk Southern, LUSH, Bose, Shipt, MyDoc,...
» mehr
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» mehr
Market metrics6.5K+ long-running clusters 1.5K+ CockroachDB Self-Hosted clusters 6.5K+ CockroachDB...
» mehr
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» mehr
Licensing and pricing models- Apache 2.0 for core features released up to and including the 19.1 release - Time-limited...
» mehr
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» mehr
Neuigkeiten

Believe in the Multiplicative Power of Openness
30. November 2021

How to Connect TiDB Cloud to Metabase
24. November 2021

KubeCon 2021 Q&A: PingCAP Recaps the Event and Explores Its HTAP Database
16. November 2021

How to Troubleshoot RocksDB Write Stalls in TiKV
12. November 2021

PingCAP Introduces Its New Developer Tier to Boost Application Innovation with TiDB Cloud
9. November 2021

Wir laden Vertreter der Systemhersteller ein uns zu kontaktieren, um die Systeminformationen zu aktualisieren und zu ergänzen,
sowie um Herstellerinformationen wie Schlüsselkunden, Vorteile gegenüber Konkurrenten und Marktmetriken anzuzeigen.

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