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DBMS > Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Redis

Vergleich der Systemeigenschaften Cassandra vs. Couchbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Redis

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Redaktionelle Informationen bereitgestellt von DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenCouchbase infoUrsprünglich Membase genannt  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenMicrosoft SQL Server  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenRedis  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessen
KurzbeschreibungWide-Column Store basierend auf Ideen von BigTable und DynamoDB infoOptimiert für schreibende ZugriffeA distributed document store with a powerful search engine and in-built operational and analytical capabilitiesRelationales DBMS von MicrosoftPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis legt höchsten Wert auf Performanz. Bei Designentscheidungen wird typischerweise Performanz der Vorzug vor Features oder Speicherbedarf gegeben.
Primäres DatenbankmodellWide Column StoreDocument StoreRelational DBMSKey-Value Store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Sekundäre DatenbankmodelleKey-Value Store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document Store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document Store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Suchmaschine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomisst die Popularität von Datenbankmanagement- systemenranking trend
Trend Chart
Punkte118,12
Rang#11  Overall
#1  Wide Column Stores
Punkte28,62
Rang#30  Overall
#5  Document Stores
Punkte912,51
Rang#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Punkte182,05
Rang#6  Overall
#1  Key-Value Stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgwww.couchbase.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverredis.com
redis.io
Technische Dokumentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.couchbase.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeDiscord
EntwicklerApache Software Foundation infoApache Top Level Projekt, ursprünglich von Facebook entwickeltCouchbase, Inc.MicrosoftRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoEntwicklung von Redis Inc finanziert
Erscheinungsjahr2008201119892009
Aktuelle Version4.0.7, Oktober 2022Server: 7.0, July 2021; Mobile: 3, February 2022; Couchbase Capella, October 2021SQL Server 2019, November 20197.0.5, September 2022
Lizenz infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablekommerziell infoeingeschränkte kostenlose Version verfügbarOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Ausschließlich ein Cloud-Service infoNur als Cloud-Service verfügbarneinneinneinnein
DBaaS Angebote (gesponserte Links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
Couchbase Capella: a fully managed database-as-a-service that eliminates database management efforts and reduces cost
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
  • Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store, for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
  • ScaleGrid Hosting for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on a wide variety of cloud providers and On-Premises. Get advanced monitoring and automate your management through one centralized platform.
ImplementierungsspracheJavaC, C++, Go and ErlangC++C
Server BetriebssystemeBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoportiert und gewartet durch Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Datenschemaschemafreischemafreijaschemafrei
Typisierung infovordefinierte Datentypen, z.B. float oder datejaja infoString, Boolean, Numberjateilweise infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML Unterstützung infoVerarbeitung von Daten in XML Format, beispielsweise Speicherung von XML-Strukturen und/oder Unterstützung von XPath, XQuery, XSLTneinjanein
Sekundärindizeseingeschränkt infoNur Gleichheitsabfragen, nicht immer die performanteste Lösungjajaja infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)Declarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.janein
APIs und andere ZugriffskonzepteProprietäres Protokoll infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, eine SQL-ähnliche Abfragesprache)
Thrift
Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Proprietäres Protokoll infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Unterstützte ProgrammiersprachenC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-seitige Scripts infoStored ProceduresneinFunctions and timers in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
Triggersjaja infoüber das TAP Protokolljapublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitionierungsmechanismen infoMethoden zum Speichern von unterschiedlichen Daten auf unterschiedlichen KnotenSharding infokein "single point of failure"ShardingTabellen können auf mehrere Files aufgeteilt werden (horizontale Partitionierung), sharding möglich (mittels federation)Sharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replikationsmechanismen infoMethoden zum redundanten Speichern von Daten auf mehreren Knotenfrei wählbarer Replikationsfaktor infoAbbildung von geographischer Verteilung der Server möglichMulti-Source Replikation infoinklusive cross data center replication
Source-Replica Replikation
ja, aber abhängig von der SQL-Server EditionMulti-Source Replikation infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-Replica Replikation infoChained replication wird unterstützt
MapReduce infoBietet ein API für Map/Reduce Operationenjajaneinthrough RedisGears
Konsistenzkonzept infoMethoden zur Sicherstellung der Konsistenz in einem verteilten SystemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infobei jedem Schreibvorgang individuell einstellbar
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infopro Operation auswählbar
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Fremdschlüssel inforeferenzielle Integritätneinneinjanein
Transaktionskonzept infoUnterstützung zur Sicherstellung der Datenintegrität bei nicht-atomaren Datenmanipulationennein infoAtomizität und Isolation innerhalb einzelner Operationen werden unterstütztACIDACIDAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoUnterstützung von gleichzeitig ausgeführten Datenmanipulationenjajajaja infoDatenzugriffe werden vom Server serialisiert
Durability infoDauerhafte Speicherung der Datenjajajaja infokonfigurierbare Persistenzmechanismen via snapshots oder logs
In-Memory Unterstützung infoGibt es Möglichkeiten einige oder alle Strukturen nur im Hauptspeicher zu haltenneinja infoEphemeral bucketsjaja
Berechtigungskonzept infoZugriffskontrolleZugriffsrechte für Benutzer auf einzelne Objekte definierbarUnterscheidung von Benutzer und Administrator mittels Passwort oder LDAPBenutzer mit feingranularem Berechtigungskonzept entsprechend SQL-StandardAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
Weitere Informationen bereitgestellt vom Systemhersteller
CassandraCouchbase infoUrsprünglich Membase genanntMicrosoft SQL ServerRedis
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» mehr
Developed as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
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The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
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Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Couchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» mehr
Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
» mehr
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» mehr
Customer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» mehr
Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
» mehr
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» mehr
Amadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» mehr
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
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Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
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Named a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» mehr
Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» mehr
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» mehr
The Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» mehr
Redis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» mehr
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