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DBMS > Cassandra vs. CouchDB vs. MongoDB vs. RavenDB vs. Redis

Vergleich der Systemeigenschaften Cassandra vs. CouchDB vs. MongoDB vs. RavenDB vs. Redis

Redaktionelle Informationen bereitgestellt von DB-Engines
NameCassandra  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenCouchDB infosteht für "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenMongoDB  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenRavenDB  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessenRedis  Xaus Vergleich ausschliessen
KurzbeschreibungWide-Column Store basierend auf Ideen von BigTable und DynamoDB infoOptimiert für schreibende ZugriffeEin JSON - Document Store inspiriert durch Lotus Notes der von Server-Clustern bis Mobile Phones skaliertEiner der meistverwendeten Document StoresOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabasePopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis legt höchsten Wert auf Performanz. Bei Designentscheidungen wird typischerweise Performanz der Vorzug vor Features oder Speicherbedarf gegeben.
Primäres DatenbankmodellWide Column StoreDocument StoreDocument StoreDocument StoreKey-Value Store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Sekundäre DatenbankmodelleSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionSpatial DBMS
Suchmaschine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Document Store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Suchmaschine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomisst die Popularität von Datenbankmanagement- systemenranking trend
Trend Chart
Punkte118,12
Rang#11  Overall
#1  Wide Column Stores
Punkte15,98
Rang#41  Overall
#7  Document Stores
Punkte477,90
Rang#5  Overall
#1  Document Stores
Punkte4,55
Rang#87  Overall
#16  Document Stores
Punkte182,05
Rang#6  Overall
#1  Key-Value Stores
Websitecassandra.apache.orgcouchdb.apache.orgwww.mongodb.comravendb.netredis.com
redis.io
Technische Dokumentationcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latestdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.mongodb.com/­manualravendb.net/­docsdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterFacebookYouTubeDiscord
EntwicklerApache Software Foundation infoApache Top Level Projekt, ursprünglich von Facebook entwickeltApache Software Foundation infoApache Top-Level Projekt, ursprünglich entwickelt von Damien Katz, ehemaliger Lotus Notes EntwicklerMongoDB, IncHibernating RhinosRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoEntwicklung von Redis Inc finanziert
Erscheinungsjahr20082005200920102009
Aktuelle Version4.0.7, Oktober 20223.2.2, April 20226.0.1, August 20225.4, Juli 20227.0.5, September 2022
Lizenz infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoAGPL Version 3, kommerzielle Lizenz verfügbarOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis Enterprise
Ausschließlich ein Cloud-Service infoNur als Cloud-Service verfügbarneinneinnein infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)neinnein
DBaaS Angebote (gesponserte Links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Astra DB: Multi-cloud DBaaS built on Apache Cassandra.
  • Aiven for Apache Cassandra: Fully managed, open source NoSQL database specifically designed to be highly available, performant, and scalable.
ScaleGrid for MongoDB Database: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB Database on a wide variety of cloud providers and On-Premises. Automate your management, scaling and backups through one centralized platform.
  • Aiven for Redis: Fully managed in-memory key-value store, for all your caching and speedy lookup needs.
  • ScaleGrid Hosting for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on a wide variety of cloud providers and On-Premises. Get advanced monitoring and automate your management through one centralized platform.
  • Redis Enterprise Cloud: Instantly scale and pay only for the resources you need - on any cloud - AWS, Azure or Google Cloud.
ImplementierungsspracheJavaErlangC++C#C
Server BetriebssystemeBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoportiert und gewartet durch Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Datenschemaschemafreischemafreischemafrei infoObwohl schemafrei haben Dokumente einer Collection dennoch häufig die selbe Strukturschemafreischemafrei
Typisierung infovordefinierte Datentypen, z.B. float oder datejaneinja infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialneinteilweise infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML Unterstützung infoVerarbeitung von Daten in XML Format, beispielsweise Speicherung von XML-Strukturen und/oder Unterstützung von XPath, XQuery, XSLTneinneinnein
Sekundärindizeseingeschränkt infoNur Gleichheitsabfragen, nicht immer die performanteste Lösungja infoüber Viewsjajaja infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)neinRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISQL-like query language (RQL)nein
APIs und andere ZugriffskonzepteProprietäres Protokoll infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, eine SQL-ähnliche Abfragesprache)
Thrift
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIProprietäres Protokoll basierend auf JSON.NET Client API
F# Client API
Go Client API
Java Client API
NodeJS Client API
PHP Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietäres Protokoll infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Unterstützte ProgrammiersprachenC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Actionscript infoinoffizielle Driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinoffizielle Driver
ColdFusion infoinoffizielle Driver
D infoinoffizielle Driver
Dart infoinoffizielle Driver
Delphi infoinoffizielle Driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinoffizielle Driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinoffizielle Driver
Lua infoinoffizielle Driver
MatLab infoinoffizielle Driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinoffizielle Driver
Prolog infoinoffizielle Driver
Python
R infoinoffizielle Driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infoinoffizielle Driver
Swift
.Net
C#
F#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-seitige Scripts infoStored ProceduresneinView Functions in JavaScriptJavaScriptjaLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)
Triggersjajaja infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyjapublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGears
Partitionierungsmechanismen infoMethoden zum Speichern von unterschiedlichen Daten auf unterschiedlichen KnotenSharding infokein "single point of failure"Sharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.ShardingSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual sharding
Replikationsmechanismen infoMethoden zum redundanten Speichern von Daten auf mehreren Knotenfrei wählbarer Replikationsfaktor infoAbbildung von geographischer Verteilung der Server möglichMulti-Source Replikation
Source-Replica Replikation
Multi-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-Replica Replikation
Multi-Source ReplikationMulti-Source Replikation infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-Replica Replikation infoChained replication wird unterstützt
MapReduce infoBietet ein API für Map/Reduce Operationenjajajajathrough RedisGears
Konsistenzkonzept infoMethoden zur Sicherstellung der Konsistenz in einem verteilten SystemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infobei jedem Schreibvorgang individuell einstellbar
Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infobei jedem Schreibvorgang individuell einstellbar
Default ACID transactions on the local node (eventually consistent across the cluster). Atomic operations with cluster-wide ACID transactions. Eventual consistency for indexes and full-text search indexes.Eventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Fremdschlüssel inforeferenzielle Integritätneinneinnein infoNormalerweise nicht gebraucht, abgeschwächte Variante mit DBRefneinnein
Transaktionskonzept infoUnterstützung zur Sicherstellung der Datenintegrität bei nicht-atomaren Datenmanipulationennein infoAtomizität und Isolation innerhalb einzelner Operationen werden unterstütztnein infoatomare Operationen innerhalb eines Dokumentes möglichMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic locking
Concurrency infoUnterstützung von gleichzeitig ausgeführten Datenmanipulationenjaja infoStrategie: optimistic lockingjajaja infoDatenzugriffe werden vom Server serialisiert
Durability infoDauerhafte Speicherung der Datenjajaja infooptional, enabled by defaultjaja infokonfigurierbare Persistenzmechanismen via snapshots oder logs
In-Memory Unterstützung infoGibt es Möglichkeiten einige oder alle Strukturen nur im Hauptspeicher zu haltenneinneinja infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2ja
Berechtigungskonzept infoZugriffskontrolleZugriffsrechte für Benutzer auf einzelne Objekte definierbarZugriffsrechte für Benutzer pro Datenbank definierbarZugriffsrechte für Benutzer und RollenAuthorization levels configured per client per databaseAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
Weitere Informationen bereitgestellt vom Systemhersteller
CassandraCouchDB infosteht für "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"MongoDBRavenDBRedis
Specific characteristicsApache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» mehr
RavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» mehr
The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
» mehr
Competitive advantagesNo single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» mehr
RavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» mehr
Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
» mehr
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» mehr
IoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» mehr
Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
» mehr
Key customersApple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» mehr
Toyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» mehr
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» mehr
Market metricsCassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» mehr
2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» mehr
Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» mehr
Licensing and pricing modelsApache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» mehr
RavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» mehr
Redis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» mehr
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